Pour-over Coffee

A Coffee Brewing Guide: The Pour-over Technique

By Coffeenated Stories | 11 min read

Updated On: FEB 02 2024

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Welcome to the world of pour-over coffee brewing! If you're passionate about coffee and appreciate the art of handcrafted brews, then the pour-over method is a must-try. Like other coffee brewing methods, pour-over brewing has gained tremendous popularity among coffee enthusiasts for its ability to extract nuanced flavors and showcase the unique characteristics of each coffee bean. In this guide, we'll take you through the fundamentals of pour-over brewing, exploring the equipment, techniques, and tips to help you achieve a delicious cup of coffee.

Pour-over brewing is a manual coffee brewing method that involves pouring hot water over coffee grounds, allowing the water to extract the flavors as it passes through the grounds and drips into a vessel below. Its emphasis on precision, control, and craftsmanship sets pour-over brewing apart. With the right tools and techniques, you have the power to customize your brewing process, unlocking a world of flavors and aromas in every sip.

Pour-over Brewing Station
Pour-over Brewing Station
Andrew Neel by Unsplash - https://unsplash.com/photos/U4euPE63P3E

The allure of pour-over coffee lies in its ability to highlight the clarity and brightness of the coffee, producing a clean and vibrant cup. The method allows the delicate nuances of the coffee to shine through, revealing floral, fruity, or other intricate flavor notes that other brewing methods may mask. Whether a coffee novice or a seasoned connoisseur, pour-over brewing offers a captivating experience that will elevate your coffee journey.

In the upcoming sections of this guide, we'll delve into the essentials of pour-over brewing, starting with an understanding of the principles behind this method. We'll explore the equipment needed and step-by-step instructions for brewing and share invaluable tips and troubleshooting advice. By the end, you'll have the knowledge and confidence to embark on your pour-over brewing adventures, creating exceptional cups of coffee right in the comfort of your home.

Understanding Pour-over Brewing

In this part of our coffee brewing guide, we'll explore the essential concepts and equipment used in pour-over brewing. Understanding these elements will set the foundation for mastering the art of pour-over coffee. Let's dive in!

The Concept and Principles of Pour-over

Pour-over brewing is rooted in the concept of controlled extraction. The goal is to extract the desirable flavors from coffee grounds while avoiding over- or under-extraction. That is achieved by carefully managing its variables, such as water temperature, grind size, and pouring technique.

Pour-over Coffee Brewing
Pour-over Coffee Brewing
Athena Lam by Unsplash - https://unsplash.com/photos/zBWCDZqR8Vw

The pour-over method allows for precision and customization. By pouring hot water over the coffee grounds in a controlled manner, you can adjust the flow rate and target specific areas of the coffee bed, ensuring even saturation and extraction. This results in a balanced and flavorful cup of coffee.

The Equipment Used for Pour-over

To embark on your pour-over brewing journey, you'll need a few essential pieces of equipment:

  • Pour-over Brewer: Several pour-over brewers are available, each with a unique design and characteristics. Popular options include the Hario V60, Kalita Wave, Chemex, etc. These brewers feature a cone or wedge-shaped design with spiral ridges or grooves inside, creating channels for the brewed coffee to flow through.

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Pour-over Brewers

Craftsmanship and Precision
Hario V60 Pour-over Brewing Set
Hario V60 Pour-over Brewing Set

The Hario V60 Pour-over Brewing Set with White Ceramic Dripper is a complete package that brings the experience of professional pour-over coffee brewing to your home or workplace. The Brewing Set includes the following items:

  • Hario V60 Coffee Dripper: The centerpiece of this set, the white ceramic Hario V60 dripper, exemplifies Japanese craftsmanship and precision. Its conical shape, spiral ridges, and large single hole facilitate an even extraction and a clean, vibrant cup of coffee. The ceramic material ensures excellent heat retention, allowing you to achieve optimal brewing temperatures.
  • Hario V60 Coffee Server: The accompanying heatproof borosilicate glass server, with its BPA-free handle, lid, and measuring spoon, adds functionality and elegance to the brewing process. The server's transparent design lets you observe the coffee as it brews.
  • Paper Filters: The set also provides a generous supply of 100 disposable paper filters specially designed for the V60 dripper.
  • Coffee Scoop: Included in the set is a dedicated Hario coffee scoop.
Elevate Your Experience
Kalita Wave Coffee Brewing Kit
Kalita Wave Coffee Brewing Kit

The Kalita Wave 185 Glass Kit is a comprehensive coffee brewing set that allows you to create flavorful, full-bodied coffee in the comfort of your own home. The Kalita Wave 185 Glass Kit includes the following items:

  • Glass Dripper: Made of high-quality glass, the dripper ensures durability and heat retention. Its design promotes optimal extraction and delivers consistent results.
  • Kalita Wave Filters: This pack of 100 wave filters is designed explicitly for the Kalita Wave dripper, ensuring proper filtration and preventing unwanted sediment in your cup.
  • Glass Server: The glass server included in the kit offers a convenient vessel for brewing and serving your coffee. A generous 500ml capacity allows you to enjoy multiple cups or share with friends.
  • "33 Cups of Coffee" Coffee Journal (EP33BOOK): This unique addition to the kit provides a delightful way to record your coffee-tasting experiences.
Timeless Companion

CHEMEX Pour-Over Brewer is a remarkable brewing companion for those who appreciate simplicity, elegance, and a commitment to preserving the coffee's authentic flavors.

  • Its timeless design, coupled with the use of non-porous Borosilicate glass, ensures a pristine brewing experience. This material ensures the brewer won't absorb any odors or chemical residues, guaranteeing a pure and untainted coffee flavor with every brew. With the ability to refrigerate and reheat without flavor loss, it offers convenience and flexibility.
  • Just remember to have the compatible CHEMEX Bonded Filters on hand for the best results. The recommended filters are the CHEMEX Bonded Filters FP-1, FC-100, FS-100, and FSU-100, which are included with the brewer. Elevate your coffee brewing journey with the CHEMEX Pour-Over Brewer and savor the art of pour-over coffee at its finest.

  • Filter: Paper filters are commonly used in pour-over brewing to trap coffee grounds while allowing the brewed coffee to pass through. They help create a clean and sediment-free cup. Ensure you choose the appropriate filter size that matches your brewer.
  • Gooseneck Kettle: A gooseneck kettle with a narrow spout provides precise control over water flow during pouring. This control is essential for achieving an even extraction and maintaining consistency in your brews.
Style and Precision

Fellow Stagg EKG Electric Gooseneck Kettle

Fellow Stagg EKG Electric Gooseneck Kettle is a standout brewing companion that combines style, precision, and functionality. Fellow's dedication to beautiful design and flawless functionality shines through, making the Stagg EKG an excellent choice for coffee enthusiasts.

Fellow Stagg EKG Electric Gooseneck Kettle
  • Crafted from high-quality 304 stainless steel and featuring a minimalist base, this kettle looks impressive and offers exceptional functionality and convenience with its 0.9-liter capacity.
  • The gooseneck design and sharp spout offer a solid and accurate stream, allowing for the perfect extraction of your coffee. Additionally, the counterbalanced handle provides a sturdy grip and level of control for optimal performance.
  • Its powerful 1200-watt quick-heating element and to-the-degree temperature control feature allow you to precisely set and maintain the desired temperature.
  • LCD screen displays the desired Set Temp and Real-Time Temp, providing instant feedback on the water temperature. The kettle also includes a built-in Brew Stopwatch, enabling you to time your extraction. Additionally, the toggle function keeps your water hot for up to 60 minutes.

  • Coffee Grinder: For optimal freshness and flavor, it's recommended to grind your coffee beans just before brewing. A burr grinder allows you to achieve a consistent grind size, which is crucial for even extraction. Select a grind size that suits your pour-over method and desired flavor profile.
Precision and Consistency

Fellow Opus

The OPUS Conical Burr Grinder is a versatile and high-performing electric grinder that caters to coffee lovers who appreciate the full spectrum of brewing methods. With its ability to grind for espresso and cover the precise grind sizes needed for pour-over to cold brew, this grinder provides exceptional control over your grind.

Fellow Opus
  • Consistency in grind size is vital to unlocking the authentic flavors of coffee, and the OPUS Conical Burr Grinder delivers just that. Equipped with a 6-blade 40 mm conical burr set and a powerful motor boasting 6Nm of torque, it ensures outstanding consistency and flavor across all brewing styles.
  • The load bin lid provides a helpful grind guide, ensuring you never feel lost during the grinding process. Making precise adjustments using the inner ring is effortless, allowing you to fine-tune your grind size according to your preferences. The unique no-tool calibration feature also helps you easily maintain your preferred settings.
  • The drop-down design from the load bin drastically reduces grind retention, minimizing waste and ensuring that each grind is fresh. The anti-static technology and spouted catch keep your countertop spotless, preventing coffee grounds from scattering during grinding.

  • Scale and Timer: Using a scale to measure your coffee and water helps ensure consistency and accuracy in your brews. A timer will assist in tracking the bloom and brew time.
Precision and Convenience

TIMEMORE Coffee Scale

The TIMEMORE Coffee Scale is a versatile, highly accurate digital scale explicitly designed for coffee enthusiasts. Its high-precision sensor delivers precise measurements ranging from 0.1g to 2kg.

TIMEMORE Coffee Scale
  • Crafted from high-quality acrylic, the TIMEMORE Coffee Scale offers durability in a compact and thin design. Including a silicone waterproof pad provides excellent heat insulation and waterproof protection and safeguards the surface of the scale.
  • The large backlit LCD screen prominently displays the weight in grams, ensuring clear visibility. The scale also features an automatic timing function, simplifying making and brewing coffee. That allows you to control the extraction time and weight without interference. The scale is well-suited for espresso and pour-over coffee preparation.
  • The scale is equipped with a built-in 1600mAh rechargeable lithium battery. With a battery life of up to 10 hours, you can rely on the scale for extended brewing sessions. The scale also includes an automatic shut-off feature that turns off the timer function after 3 minutes of inactivity, conserving power during standby periods.

Investing in quality equipment and understanding its role in the brewing process, you'll be well-equipped to brew exceptional pour-over coffee.

Step-by-Step Guide to Pour-over Brewing

Let's walk through the process of brewing coffee using the pour-over method. From selecting the right beans to achieving the perfect extraction, this guide will help you brew a delicious cup of pour-over coffee.

Choosing the Right Beans

Selecting high-quality coffee beans is crucial for a flavorful pour-over brew. Look for fresh and recently roasted beans, preferably within a few weeks. Consider exploring specialty coffee roasters or local coffee shops that offer a variety of single-origin or specialty blend options.

Regarding flavor profiles, pour-over brewing is versatile and can highlight a wide range of tastes. Experiment with different origins and roasts to find your preferred flavor profiles. Light to medium roasts often showcases more delicate and nuanced flavors, while medium-dark to dark roasts can offer bolder, richer profiles.

Grinding the Coffee Beans

Grind size plays a vital role in pour-over brewing. Aim for a medium-fine grind resembling granulated sugar or sea salt. The precise grind size may vary depending on your pour-over brewer and personal preference, but avoid grinding too fine, which can lead to over-extraction, or too coarse, which may result in under-extraction.

Grinding the Coffee Beans
Grinding the Coffee Beans
by Tim Douglas · url: https://www.pexels.com/@tim-douglas

Invest in a quality electric or manual burr grinder for consistent results. Grind the coffee beans just before brewing to preserve freshness and flavor. Remember, the grind size affects the extraction rate, so adjust accordingly to achieve the desired strength and taste.

Preparing the Pour-over Setup

  • Heat water to the appropriate temperature. Generally, aim for water between 195°F (90°C) and 205°F (96°C). A gooseneck kettle with a built-in thermometer can help control water temperature precisely.
  • Place a paper filter in your pour-over brewer, ensuring it fits appropriately and lies flush against the walls. Rinse the filter with hot water to remove any paper taste, and preheat the brewer. Discard the rinse water.
Rinsing the Filter
Rinsing the Filter
by Tim Douglas · url: https://www.pexels.com/@tim-douglas
  • To prepare your brewing station, ensure it's stable for your brewer. Place the brewer on a cup or server that can hold the coffee once brewed. Then, put the brewer and the cup/server on the scale.
  • Put the ground coffee in the bottom of the filter. Shake the brewer slightly to level the coffee bed, and with the help of your finger, make a hole in the center of the grounds.
Adding Grounded Coffee
Adding Grounded Coffee
by Tim Douglas · url: https://www.pexels.com/@tim-douglas

The Pour-over Brewing Process

Let's explore the critical aspects of the pour-over brewing process. From the crucial blooming stage to pouring techniques and optimizing extraction time, this section will help refine your pour-over technique and brew exceptional coffee.


The blooming stage is a crucial step in the pour-over brewing process. Blooming involves saturating the coffee grounds with a small amount of hot water and allowing them to release gases trapped within. This initial bloom helps prepare the grounds for optimal extraction.

To bloom your coffee:

  1. After adding the coffee grounds to the filter, create a small well or depression in the center of the grounds.
  2. Start the brewing process by pouring a small amount of hot water (about three times the weight of the coffee grounds) into the well.
  3. Allow the coffee to bloom for approximately 90 seconds. During this time, you'll notice the coffee grounds expanding and bubbles forming on the surface as carbon dioxide is released.
  4. After the bloom, proceed with the pouring process.
Blooming Coffee
Blooming Coffee
Tim Umphreys by Unsplash - https://unsplash.com/photos/sVNXoKVbyY0

Blooming allows for a more even extraction and helps develop the flavors in your coffee. It ensures that all the grounds are evenly saturated before moving on to the main pour.

Pouring technique

The pouring technique is another essential element of pour-over brewing. Pouring determines the flow rate and ensures even saturation of the coffee bed, promoting consistent extraction.

Here are some pouring guidelines to consider:

  • Start pouring from the center of the coffee bed and spiral outward in concentric circles. That helps evenly distribute the water and ensures all the grounds are fully saturated.
Pouring in Concentric Circles
Pouring in Concentric Circles
by Tim Douglas · url: https://www.pexels.com/@tim-douglas
  • Maintain a slow and controlled pour to avoid over-agitation or channeling.
Maintaining a Slow Pour
Maintaining a Slow Pour
by Tim Douglas · url: https://www.pexels.com/@tim-douglas
  • Pour in intervals, allowing the water level to decrease slightly before adding more. This technique helps maintain a steady flow rate and promotes a balanced extraction.
Pouring in Intervals
Pouring in Intervals
by Tim Douglas · url: https://www.pexels.com/@tim-douglas
  • Pay attention to the water level and adjust your pouring speed accordingly. The goal is to keep the water level relatively consistent throughout the brewing process.
Finishing the Pour
Finishing the Pour
by Tim Douglas · url: https://www.pexels.com/@tim-douglas

Experiment with different pouring techniques and observe the impact on the final cup. You may find that slight adjustments in pouring speed, pattern, or direction can yield distinct flavor profiles.

Enjoy your Pour-over Coffee
Enjoy your Pour-over Coffee
by Tim Douglas · url: https://www.pexels.com/@tim-douglas

Extraction Time and Water-to-Coffee Ratio

The extraction time and water-to-coffee ratio play significant roles in achieving your pour-over coffee's desired strength and flavor. These variables can be adjusted to customize your brew according to personal preference.

  • Extraction Time: Aim for a total brew time of around 3-4 minutes. Adjust the pouring speed and grind size to achieve this range. Shorter brew times may result in under-extraction, leading to a weak and sour cup, while longer brew times can lead to over-extraction, resulting in bitterness.
  • Water-to-Coffee Ratio: Experiment with different coffee-to-water ratios to find your preferred strength and flavor. Adjusting the ratio can significantly impact the intensity of the coffee. Try altering the balance of coffee to water for different roast types. For example, try brewing a light roast with a higher ratio of 1:17 for higher extraction but milder strength. Accordingly, use a lower proportion of 1:14 for dark roasts for low bitterness and lower extraction but more increased strength. And for the various medium roasts, try a ratio between 1:15 and 1:16.

Tips for Perfecting Your Pour-over Technique

Next, our coffee brewing guide will provide valuable tips and troubleshooting advice to help you master the art of pour-over brewing. These insights will elevate your brewing technique and ensure consistent, delicious results every time.

  • Water Temperature: Maintaining the recommended water temperature between 195°F (90°C) and 205°F (96°C) works best for most types of medium roasts. But, if brewing light or dark roasts, we should alter the water temperature accordingly. Namely, when brewing light roasts, the water temp should be increased in the range of 203°F (95°C) to 212°F (100°C). And when brewing dark roasts, the water temp should be lowered in the field of 185°F (85°C) to 194°F (90°C).
  • Water Quality: Use high-quality, filtered water to avoid any off-flavors or impurities that can affect the taste of your brew.
  • Pouring Speed and Consistency: Maintaining a slow and controlled flow is essential. Aim for a pouring speed that allows you to add 60 to 80 grams of water over the coffee grounds within 10 seconds. To achieve this, ensure the water stream runs from a low point. A helpful indicator of the right height for the water stream is when it begins to break and spatter just before reaching the coffee. If you notice this happening, it means the spout is too high and should be lowered. With practice, you'll become proficient in mastering the proper pouring technique for pour-over brewing.

Conclusion and Final Thoughts

We've reached the final part of our coffee brewing guide, focused on the art of pour-over brewing. By now, you have a solid understanding of the pour-over method, equipment, techniques, and many tips. Let's wrap up this guide with our final thoughts and incentives to continue your pour-over coffee brewing adventures.

Embrace the Ritual. Pour-over brewing is not merely a coffee-making method; it's a ritual that engages your senses and invites mindfulness. Measuring, grinding, pouring, and patiently waiting for the coffee to brew can be a meditative and rewarding experience. Embrace the ritual and enjoy the journey as much as the destination—the perfect cup of pour-over coffee.

Share the Experience. Pour-over brewing is not just a solitary pursuit; it's an opportunity to share the experience with others. Invite friends, family, or fellow coffee enthusiasts to join you in brewing and tasting pour-over coffee. Share your knowledge, exchange brewing tips, and discover new flavors together. Coffee has a remarkable way of bringing people together.

Ongoing Learning and Growth. Remember that the art of pour-over brewing is a continuous learning process. As you refine your technique, you'll discover new nuances in flavor, explore different coffee origins, and adapt to evolving preferences. Stay curious, continue to educate yourself about coffee, and seek inspiration from baristas, coffee communities, and specialty coffee shops.

We hope this guide has given you the knowledge and inspiration to embark on your coffee brewing journey. May your cups be filled with deliciousness, and your love for coffee continues to grow. Happy brewing!

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